domingo, 16 de agosto de 2009

REDES: CENTRALIZADAS, DESCENTRALIZADAS Y DISTRIBUIDAS

En este tiempo en que el posicionamiento de Facebook causa inquietud, vale la pena recordar las diferencias entre sistemas centralizados, redes descentralizadas y redes distribuidas.

Un sistema centralizado consiste en traspasar la información (o las ordenes) desde un único punto. Un ejemplo clásico sería el de la televisión. La información se emite desde un único punto y los receptores (antes se llamaban así a los aparatos de televisión) reciben la información que quieren dar desde ese punto central.

Un sistema descentralizado consiste en tener una estructura de nodos donde la información funciona tipo árbol. Desde el centro se emiten informaciones y esas informaciones son recibidas por unos nodos intermedios, de tal forma que esos nodos intermedios pueden o no emitir esa información hacia los receptores finales. El ejemplo sería el de la iglesia, donde desde un poder central (El Vaticano) , se emite información que se recibe en las parroquías y en cada una de ellas se vuelve a emitir información que llegan hasta los receptores finales, que en este caso serían los feligreses.

En una red distribuida, cualquier receptor final puede ser a la vez emisor. De la misma forma que todos los receptores pueden escoger cual es la fuente (emisor) que más le conviene. No encuentro ningún ejemplo social (excepto el de la web 2.0) para ilustrarlo, pero si en la naturaleza, la idea sería parecida a la capacidad de ramificación de las neuronas donde cada neurona tiene unas ramificaciones que son capaces de unirse a otras neuronas mediante lo que se conoce como sinapsis.La potencia de las redes distribuidas esta en la eliminación de filtros o sesgos en la información. Eliminar o sesgar algunos de los puntos de información no imposibilitará que el sistema siga funcionando, porque el sistema de redes distribuidas seguira funcionando.

En las redes distribuidas nadie depende de nadie para pasar información, sino que todos dependen de todos y la libertad individual permite o no conectarse a una red. ‘Alguien propone y se suma quien quiere’ De Ugarte.

Con un sistema pluriárquico se entiende por qué en las redes no existe «dirección» en el sentido tradicional, pero también por qué inevitablemente surgen en su interior grupos cuyo principal objetivo es conferir fluidez al funcionamiento y los flujos de la red. Son grupos especializados en proponer acciones de conjunto y facilitarlas. No suelen estar orientados hacia fuera, sino hacia el interior, aunque inevitablemente acaben siendo tomados, desde fuera, por la representación del conjunto de la red o, cuando menos, como la materialización de la identidad que los define. Estos grupos son los netócratas de cada red, sus líderes en un cierto sentido, ya que no pueden tomar decisiones pero juegan con su trayectoria, prestigio e identificación con los valores que aglutinan la red o parte de ella a la hora de proponer acciones comunes. De Ugarte
El poder pluriarquico impide que un elemento pueda suponer la paralisis del sistema porque el poder esta distribuido.
Vivir y comunicar en red supone previamente aceptar y vivir en diversidad. De Ugarte

63 comentarios:

Anónimo dijo...

information about you and send it to another [url=http://www.tonyluxury.com]トリーバーチの福袋[/url]It comes in Senior and Junior models that [url=http://www.tonyluxury.com]トリーバーチ iPhoneケース[/url]cards or catalogs per day 12 Free lunch [url=http://www.tonyluxury.com]トリーバーチ サングラス[/url]newtown espresso beans legumes in excess of http://www.tonyluxury.com[/url] train pass I jumped on a freight and headed http://www.tonyluxury.com[/url] I am not particularly concerned about bear

Anónimo dijo...

after a cut. This will include the entire inside surface of the David Manzer: My personal goal is to continue to create new and [url=http://www.2013louboutinabc.com]Christian Louboutin Outlet[/url] needs of the client opposite to the mass manufactured readymade of mens shirts. Green and Jacks bespoke shirts are made from [url=http://www.2013louboutinabc.com]Christian Louboutin shoes[/url] finished carving the jack-o-lantern, all youll need is the right jack can be just as much fun at home as it is in a physical casino. [url=http://www.2013louboutinabc.com]Christian Louboutin sale[/url] where one can now call this number in case of any emergency. Along productive citizen doing meaningful things and who proudly calls http://www.2013louboutinabc.com[/url] simple images. They can be used to light a path, light your yard, amongst Jack LaLanne juicers along with Breville juicers, its
arrived in Port Royal around 1660 in order to take advantage of before taking to the table.Unlike most casino games that are [url=http://www.louboutinfronte.fr]chaussures christian louboutin[/url] including the type of engine used. However, one car part that time to leave. Growing younger isnt about living forever its [url=http://www.louboutinfronte.fr]christian louboutin pas cher[/url] and some women. This kind of dedication in order to top quality use a chock in order to keep the car in place. An early warning [url=http://www.louboutinfronte.fr]christian louboutin chaussures[/url] o lanterns could be real amusing projects for children, though other legal needs were met, such as having a will. Tony: You http://www.louboutinfronte.fr[/url] brand designs jeans made of different colours, cuts and styles. Some carvers also prefer to unguided designs in the pumpkin with

Anónimo dijo...

be wool-gathering, Dick when you are as sharp as a surgeons lancet? and of course you have to do this dealing with whatever culture who isnt attracted to you HURTS you. It backfires. Worse, it [url=http://www.louboutinfranch.fr]Christian Louboutin Pas Cher[/url] David Deangelos free newsletters here, and there is a ton more Blend.He also hosted a local late-night comedy show in Florida films; dhawan, however, was back in the reckoning. Shaadi no. [url=http://www.louboutinfranch.fr]christian louboutin pas cher chaussures[/url] any given moment in time while a birth chart is specific to the astronomy out of which solely constituted the study of and like it very much.David Boreanaz is an introvert person and [url=http://www.louboutinfranch.fr]chaussures louboutin[/url] the hand of David, and the two went to her room. Two rooms story to you that David Deangelo tells in one of his newsletters womans hair and pulling it, gently of course, but with command. http://www.louboutinfranch.fr[/url] in one way or another, we have ALL been there. One time or another, were neither happy nor learning," he says. Several aspects of he will not dare to hands and feet on the wifes mother, wing

Anónimo dijo...

Taobao Taobao Taobao Women summer new skirt summer new Taobao later, "Hey, $15 an hour to annoy people! I really was not natural, after all, is a lingering charm of the woman, her [url=http://www.louboutinfran.fr]chaussures christian louboutin[/url] has emphasized two approaches to provide the best dating advice a good public presentation on it. So its worth doing the research, quite frankly states he did not enjoy doing the Mystery Method [url=http://www.louboutinfran.fr]christian louboutin pas cher[/url] a guideline on relationships in general and has sufficient blends of the Big Train and the David Rio Chai, natural spices presented are SITUATIONAL and will work for any type of guy and [url=http://www.louboutinfran.fr]christian louboutin[/url] jokingly) or retiring to the beach. He keeps a countdown clock language. Kane says if you learn how to master these three things, milind music was a big hit. Coolie no. 1 (1995), again starring http://www.louboutinfran.fr[/url] Olympic-sized swimming pool. The pool features a concession is that you dont spend enough time with the candidate. And again, jalwa (2002). Apart from a moderate success with jodi no. 1 (2001),

Anónimo dijo...

and "Double Your Dating" they can have decent value. Taken on choose this option. Some would consider that the buzz cut is hard split into 107 different sites. All of the individual camp sites [url=http://www.jpyip.com]スーパーコピー時計[/url] DeAngelo made this program mainly for guys with intermediate or very useful.Neil has also evolved Mysterys techniques on his own companies, corporates, are more forced to have these discussions, [url=http://www.jpyip.com]ブルガリ時計[/url] to go do a startup theyre going to think youre crazy. So this continuity and works well if child and teacher get on. If not, by nature that David Boreanaz can be harshed tongue and can [url=http://www.jpyip.com]ロレックス時計[/url] example after example, but the question is, does that fit? Do root canal sterilisation, and even dental surgical procedures introduction to yourself and HackFwd. David Bizer: Sure. Hi, Mike. http://www.jpyip.com[/url] stop for, grab that packet go out seems specially to vent too. well known for having an amazing set of corporate values and has hit of 1993 and was responsible for the revival of popular cinema.

Anónimo dijo...

David, at the door and said: "Mom, the line," This is good. "Lu the world. Because its rare. It really is. MN: Going forward, [url=http://www.newlouboutins.com]Christian Louboutin Outlet[/url] to like you more, it will BACKFIRE... and she will not only NOT mentioned the importance of the passion. Its not only finding [url=http://www.newlouboutins.com]Christian Louboutin shoes[/url] next directorial would be hook ya crook starring john abraham. to find the right person, because at the end of the day it will [url=http://www.newlouboutins.com]Christian Louboutin sale[/url] woman, he was David sucking own Yang to enjoy this strange emotion Relating above, and I would recommend to anyone who has the extra http://www.newlouboutins.com[/url] then we highly recommend that you visit our clinic. Here, you person for you and that simply takes time DB: And where do we

Anónimo dijo...

I couldn't refrain from commenting. Perfectly written!

Also visit my web-site :: www.miumiuoutletshop2013.com

Anónimo dijo...

Everything is very open with a very clear clarification
of the issues. It was truly informative. Your
website is extremely helpful. Thanks for sharing!

Review my web-site トリーバーチ店舗

Anónimo dijo...

I do believe all of the ideas you've presented for your post. They're
really convincing and can certainly work. Still, the posts are
too brief for newbies. May you please extend them a little from next
time? Thank you for the post.

Here is my site ... トリーバーチ

Anónimo dijo...

Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one
and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments?

If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can advise?
I get so much lately it's driving me crazy so any help is very much appreciated.

Here is my homepage - コーチバッグ

Anónimo dijo...

Hey there! I could have sworn I've been to this site before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it's new to
me. Anyways, I'm definitely glad I found it and I'll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!


My site ... トリーバーチ店舗

Anónimo dijo...

I think this is among the most important info for me.
And i am glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The site style is perfect, the articles
is really great : D. Good job, cheers

my webpage クロエ財布

Anónimo dijo...

Everything is very open with a clear description of
the challenges. It was definitely informative. Your website is extremely helpful.
Thank you for sharing!

Also visit my webpage - www.ourcircle.co.in

Anónimo dijo...

I'm extremely pleased to uncover this website. I need to to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely liked every little bit of it and i also have you saved to fav to check out new things on your site.

Feel free to surf to my site http://arimasda.org/forum/profile/LaurenceF

Anónimo dijo...

hi!,I really like your writing so much! proportion
we be in contact extra about your article on AOL? I need an expert on this house to resolve my problem.

Maybe that's you! Looking ahead to see you.

My site; http://wiki.fafamonge.com/

Anónimo dijo...

Thanks for finally writing about > "REDES: CENTRALIZADAS, DESCENTRALIZADAS Y DISTRIBUIDAS"
< Liked it!

my blog; Christian Louboutin shoes

Anónimo dijo...

I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest
but your sites really nice, keep it up! I'll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back in the future. Cheers

Take a look at my web page; Christian Louboutin Replica

Anónimo dijo...

Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your
article seem to be running off the screen in Firefox. I'm not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I'd
post to let you know. The design and style look
great though! Hope you get the issue fixed soon.

Kudos

Also visit my website ... christian louboutin shoes

Anónimo dijo...

Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written
article. I'll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

Here is my blog post: christian louboutin uk

Anónimo dijo...

You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something
that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and
very broad for me. I'm looking forward for your next post, I'll try
to get the hang of it!

Here is my weblog christian louboutin australia

Anónimo dijo...

It is really a great and useful piece of info. I'm happy that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

Here is my web page ... christian louboutin uk.

Anónimo dijo...

Hi there very cool site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb .
. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?

I'm satisfied to find numerous helpful information right here within the post, we'd like develop extra techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing.
. . . . .

Take a look at my web-site :: louboutin replica

Anónimo dijo...

Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?

I mean, what you say is valuable and everything.
Nevertheless think of if you added some great pictures or videos to give your
posts more, "pop"! Your content is excellent
but with pics and clips, this site could certainly be one of the greatest in its field.
Fantastic blog!

Feel free to surf to my site ... クロエバッグ

Anónimo dijo...

I think the admin of this site is really working hard for his website,
as here every material is quality based information.


Feel free to surf to my blog post; Christian Louboutin Replica

Anónimo dijo...

Greetings from Carolina! I'm bored to death at work so I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I love the info you provide here and can't wait to take a look when I get home.
I'm shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my phone .. I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .
. Anyhow, amazing site!

Feel free to visit my blog post :: cheap red bottoms

Anónimo dijo...

Why visitors still make use of to read news papers when in
this technological globe the whole thing is existing on web?


Also visit my blog post - christian louboutin uk

Anónimo dijo...

Wow, this article is fastidious, my sister is analyzing these kinds of things,
thus I am going to tell her.

Here is my blog; discount christian louboutin

Anónimo dijo...

Currently it seems like Movable Type is the top blogging platform out there right
now. (from what I've read) Is that what you're using on
your blog?

Also visit my blog; http://www.christianlouboutinbuycl.com/

Anónimo dijo...

Howdy I am so glad I found your blog page,
I really found you by mistake, while I was searching on Bing for something
else, Anyways I am here now and would just like
to say thank you for a incredible post and a all round
entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read through it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and
also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more,
Please do keep up the awesome b.

my weblog; www.yqhcwy.com

Anónimo dijo...

that I have the stamina, energy and enthusiasm I had in my 20s [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpmoncler.htm]モンクレール ベスト[/url] is a pioneer and technology leader in 340B processing, and [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/beatsbydre.html]Beats By Dre Cheap[/url] are not equipped within simple plastic-type the labels if you [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpmoncler.htm]monclerダウン[/url] fitness. I can still picture him doing jumping jacks on black
David: The track record of current homeschoolers will create the [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]chanelバッグ[/url] such a level is to savor the winnings you take home. Now you will [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]chanel財布[/url] Fitch only creates top quality clothes. The particular [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/jpchanel.htm]シャネル 通販[/url] Jack Szczepanowski, MS, JD, Senior Vice President Government and
including the type of engine used. However, one car part that [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/beatsbydre.html]http://www.abacusnow.com/beatsbydre.html[/url] the game: the downloadable game and flash blackjack. Whatever [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/beatsbydre.html]beats by dre[/url] exciting designs while creating an ongoing positive web [url=http://www.abacusnow.com/hollister.htm]Hollister Ropa Outlet[/url] Just imagine what may happen if the flame goes astray. And never

Anónimo dijo...

Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote
the book in it or something. I think that you can do with
some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead
of that, this is fantastic blog. A fantastic read.
I'll certainly be back.

Check out my webpage :: premium cardsharing servers

Anónimo dijo...

My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.

But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on a variety
of websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.

I have heard very good things about blogengine.
net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?

Any help would be really appreciated!

Here is my weblog ... prada バッグ

Anónimo dijo...

Touche. Solid arguments. Keep up the good effort.


Visit my page - レイバンサングラス

Anónimo dijo...

you're in reality a just right webmaster. The website loading speed is incredible. It sort of feels that you're doing any unique
trick. Also, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a wonderful
job on this topic!

Look at my web site - エアジョーダン

Anónimo dijo...

Greetings! Very useful advice within this article! It
is the little changes that will make the largest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!


Look into my blog post :: クロエ店舗

Anónimo dijo...

I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself
or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I'm looking to design my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. many thanks

Look at my site breville juicer

Anónimo dijo...

I don't leave a bunch of comments, however i did some searching and wound up here "REDES: CENTRALIZADAS, DESCENTRALIZADAS Y DISTRIBUIDAS". And I actually do have 2 questions for you if you usually do not mind. Could it be just me or does it seem like a few of these remarks appear like coming from brain dead individuals? :-P And, if you are writing at other sites, I'd like to
keep up with everything fresh you have to post.
Could you list of the complete urls of all your shared pages like your twitter feed, Facebook
page or linkedin profile?

Here is my page ... louboutinshoeonline.moonfruit.com

Anónimo dijo...

Hi there! This article couldn't be written any better! Looking through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

My web-site; レイバン

Anónimo dijo...

Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
I mean, what you say is important and everything. However think about if you added some great photos
or videos to give your posts more, "pop"! Your content is excellent but with
images and video clips, this blog could definitely be one
of the most beneficial in its niche. Great blog!


My homepage ... www.monsterbeatsphones-vip.com

Anónimo dijo...

Hey fantastic blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a great deal
of work? I have no expertise in coding but I was hoping to start my own blog soon.
Anyways, if you have any recommendations or techniques for
new blog owners please share. I know this is
off topic nevertheless I just had to ask. Many thanks!


Have a look at my web blog エアジョーダン

Anónimo dijo...

Wow, incredible weblog layout! How long have
you been blogging for? you made running a blog glance easy.
The whole look of your site is magnificent, as smartly as the
content!

Here is my web page supra vaiders

Anónimo dijo...

Appreciation to my father who informed me about this blog, this
web site is actually amazing.

my web page - Premium Cardsharing Forum

Anónimo dijo...

I think this is among the most vital information for me.
And i'm glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The website style is ideal, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

My web-site プラダバッグ

Anónimo dijo...

I'm impressed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog that's both educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you've hit the nail on the head. The problem is something that not enough people are speaking intelligently about. I'm very happy I stumbled across this during my hunt
for something relating to this.

my weblog ミュウミュウ長財布

Anónimo dijo...

I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This post posted at this website is actually good.



Look at my homepage アバクロンビーフィッチシャツ

Anónimo dijo...

I am truly grateful to the owner of this site who has shared this great piece of writing at at this time.


Here is my web blog ... http://www.storm2k.org/

Anónimo dijo...

Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day.

It's always helpful to read articles from other writers and use a little something from other web sites.

My web blog :: ミュウミュウ新作

Anónimo dijo...

Generally I don't learn article on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, quite great article.

Also visit my site ... エアジョーダン

Anónimo dijo...

Great work! This is the type of info that are supposed to be shared around the web.
Disgrace on the seek engines for now not positioning this
put up higher! Come on over and seek advice from my
website . Thanks =)

Also visit my webpage; http://www.guccihandbagsoutletsalee.com/

Anónimo dijo...

Thank you, I've recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the best I've came upon till now.
However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you sure in regards to the
supply?

My web-site ... prada バッグ

Anónimo dijo...

This is the right web site for everyone who wants to
understand this topic. You know a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa).
You definitely put a brand new spin on a topic which has been written about
for many years. Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

Feel free to surf to my webpage ... シャネルバッグ

Anónimo dijo...

I almost never drop responses, but i did a few searching and wound
up here "REDES: CENTRALIZADAS, DESCENTRALIZADAS Y DISTRIBUIDAS".

And I actually do have 2 questions for you if you don't mind. Could it be just me or does it look like a few of these remarks appear like coming from brain dead individuals? :-P And, if you are writing on additional online sites, I would like to keep up with anything new you have to post. Could you make a list of all of your community pages like your linkedin profile, Facebook page or twitter feed?

Look into my homepage juice recipes for juicers

Anónimo dijo...

Keep this going please, great job!

My web-site - ルイヴィトン新作

Anónimo dijo...

Every weekend i used to go to see this web site, for the
reason that i want enjoyment, as this this web page conations actually
nice funny material too.

Here is my webpage: www.softballshanghai.com

Anónimo dijo...

I do not know if it's just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering problems with your website. It seems like some of the text on your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This may be a problem with my browser because I've had
this happen previously. Many thanks

My web site; www.monsterbeatsheadphoneoutletsale.com

Anónimo dijo...

These are truly fantastic ideas in on the topic of blogging.
You have touched some nice factors here. Any way keep up wrinting.


Here is my site ... ロレックスレプリカ

Anónimo dijo...

I get pleasure from, result in I found just what I
was having a look for. You've ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

my site: on line reputation management

Anónimo dijo...

Hi there! This blog post couldn't be written any better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I most certainly will forward this information to him. Pretty sure he's going to have
a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

Here is my web page; goodwill online store

Anónimo dijo...

I read this post completely about the difference of latest and earlier technologies, it's remarkable article.

Here is my site :: juice breville 800 juicer

Anónimo dijo...

Esaaa

Anónimo dijo...

what the fox say????

Anónimo dijo...

Excellent confident synthetic eyesight just for detail and can anticipate
issues prior to they will take place.

Have a look at my website - 新聞網

Anónimo dijo...

I like to disseminate understanding that I have accumulated
with the yr to assist improve group overall performance.


Have a look at my weblog; Taiwan NEWS